# SATs are around the corner - knowing what is in the test can help you help your child with everyday activities

With only weeks to go for SATs you might be wondering what you can start doing to help your child prepare. This can be a tense time and your child may feel nervous or lack of confidence, but as a parent there is plenty you can do to support them. The important thing is to know what is included in the test and expected from your child. Once you know helping them can be as simple as using situations in everyday life.

To give your child a boost, especially if your timetable is already bursting at the seams, 2KickStartU can help prepare your child for the tests ahead. With every class being 1hour 20minutes long, your child has a good amount of time to build on their knowledge with the help of one of our tutors as well as working on their own for a little while with the aim of giving them a chance to develop independent learning. They will also collaborate with other students in their session who might be learning the same topic at that point in time.

Learning plans are individualised to your child’s needs, so that time is invested in supporting them in areas where it is most required. We obtain this information by assessing your child and correlating the attainment to the requirements of the National Curriculum. Also – did you know that 2KickStartU is on the voluntary childcare register?

Fast track to your area of interest now:

## KEY STAGE 1 - ENGLISH

At the end of Year 2, all children will sit the National Curriculum Tests for Key Stage 1. These will include two short reading tests, a grammar and punctuation test, and a spelling test of ten words.

Reading aloud at home is a vital way of preparing your child for the literacy strand of SATs – you may even get your child to read their own writing aloud, attempting to add expression appropriate to the sentence. Provide your children access to a wide variety of fiction, non-fiction and poetry to help them to become confident, eager and enthusiastic readers who are engaged in their own learning journey through reading.

Reading will also help with the writing component as the more children read the more they are exposed to and subliminally absorb the rule of English language. As their reading confidence grows they begin writing their own ideas down.

2KickStartU can help prepare your child for their SATs by assessing them and then correlating their current level of knowledge against the National Curriculum. This pin points the specific areas where further support is required and a learning pathway is defined specifically to your child’s needs.

### Reading skills your child is expected to be able to do are:

• Read words aloud confidently, without obvious blending or rehearsal

• Learn letter patterns so that decoding becomes fluent and secure by the end of Year 2

• Blend letter sounds, including alternative patterns, e.g. recognising ‘ue’ as the ‘oo’ sound

• Read aloud words which contain more than one syllable

• Recognise common suffixes, such as –ing and –less

• Read words which don’t follow phonetic patterns, such as ‘one’ and ‘who’

• Become familiar with a wide range of fairy stories and traditional tales

• Discuss favourite words and the meaning of new words

• Check that what has been read makes sense, and self-correct reading where necessary

• Make predictions about what might happen next in a story

### Writing skills your child is expected to be able to do are:

• Form letters of the appropriate size, using capital letters where appropriate

• Use appropriate spaces between words when writing

• Begin to use joins between letters where needed 17

• Spell longer words by breaking them into their sound parts

• Learn to spell some common homophones, recognising the difference between them

• Use the possessive apostrophe in simple phrases, such as ‘the boy’s football’.

• Write about real events and personal experiences

• Plan out writing in advance, including by writing down key words

• Re-read writing to check that it makes sense and to make corrections, including punctuation

• Use question marks, exclamation marks, apostrophes and commas in lists

• Use the present and past tenses correctly in writing

• Begin to write longer sentences by using conjunctions, such as ‘and’,’ but’, ‘if’ or ‘because’

# KEY STAGE 1 – MATHS

At the end of Year 2, all children will sit the National Curriculum Tests for Key Stage 1. This will include a short arithmetic test of 15 questions, and a second paper of broader mathematics which will last around 35 minutes.

During Key Stage 1, there is a big focus on developing basic number skills. That means securing a good understanding of place value, and recognising number bonds to 20. Practising these skills frequently will help children’s mathematical thinking throughout school.

Parents can always take a lead role in practical maths. Encouraging your child to help with the purchasing of small items at the newsagent, or measuring themselves and others, is a great way to start exploring number relationships.

2KickStartU can help prepare your child for their SATs by assessing them and then correlating their current level of knowledge against the National Curriculum. This pin points the specific areas where further support is required and a learning pathway is defined specifically to your child’s needs.

Here’s a list of requirements set in the National Curriculum that we can help your child with:

### Number and Place Value

• Recognise place value in two-digit numbers, e.g. knowing that the 1 in 17 represents 10

• Read and write numbers up to 100 as words

• Count in 2s, 3s and 5s

• Compare and order numbers up to 100

• Use the < and > symbols to represent the relative size of numbers

### Calculations

• Recall number bonds up to 20 fluently

• Add and subtract numbers mentally and using objects, including two-digit numbers

• Show that adding two numbers can be done in any order, but subtracting cannot

• Recognise that addition and subtraction are inverse operations

• Learn the multiplication and division facts for the 2x, 5x and 10x tables

• Show that multiplying two numbers can be done in any order, but dividing cannot

• Solve problems using the x and ÷ symbols

### Fractions

• Find ¼, 2/4 and ¾ of an object or set of objects

• Find the answer to simple fraction problems, such as finding ½ of 6

### Measurements

• Use standard units to measure length (centimetres and metres), mass (grams and kilograms), temperature (degrees Celsius) and capacity (millilitres and litres)

• Use the £ and p symbols for money amounts

• Combine numbers of coins to make a given value, for example to make 62 pence

• Tell the time to the nearest five minutes on an analogue clock

• Know the number of minutes in an hour and hours in a day

### Shape

• Identify the number of sides and a line of symmetry on 2-d shapes

• Identify the number of faces, edges and vertices on 3-d shapes

• Use mathematical language to describe position and direction, including rotations and turns

### Graphs and Data

• Construct and understand simple graphs such as bar charts and pictograms

## KEY STAGE 2 – ENGLISH

In upper Key Stage 2, your child will increasingly meet a wider range of texts and types of writing, and will be encouraged to use their skills in a broader range of contexts. Their knowledge of grammar will also increase as they prepare for the National Curriculum Tests to be taken in the summer term of Year 6.

Year 6 children will take a reading test of about one hour, a grammar and punctuation test of about forty-five minutes, and a spelling test of twenty words. These will be sent away for marking, with the results coming back before the end of the year. Your child’s teacher will also make an assessment of whether or not your child has reached the expected standard by the end of the Key Stage.

As children get older, they will increasingly take responsibility for their own work and homework tasks. That’s not to say that parents can’t help though. Encourage your child to work independently on their homework, but also take the opportunity to discuss it with them and to have them explain their understanding to you.

2KickStartU can help prepare your child for their SATs by assessing them and then correlating their current level of knowledge against the National Curriculum. This pin points the specific areas where further support is required and a learning pathway is defined specifically to your child’s needs.

### Reading Skills

• Read a wide range of fiction, non-fiction, poetry, plays and reference books

• Learn a range of poetry by heart

• Perform plays and poems using tone, volume and intonation to convey meaning

• Use knowledge of spelling patterns and related words to read aloud and understand new words

• Make comparisons between different books, or parts of the same book

• Read a range of modern fiction, classic fiction and books from other cultures and traditions

• Identify and discuss themes and conventions across a wide range of writing

• Discuss understanding of texts, including exploring the meaning of words in context

• Ask questions to improve understanding of texts

• Summarise ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details

• Predict future events from details either written in a text or by ‘reading between the lines’

• Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning

• Discuss how authors use language, including figurative language, to affect the reader

• Make book recommendations, giving reasons for choices

• Participate in discussions about books, building on and challenging ideas

• Explain and discuss understanding of reading

• Participate in formal presentations and debates about reading

• Provide reasoned justifications for views

### Writing Skills

• Write with increasing speed, maintaining legibility and style

• Spell some words with silent letters, such as knight and solemn

• Recognise and use spellings for homophones and other often-confused words from the Y5/6 list

• Use a dictionary to check spelling and meaning

• Identify the audience and purpose before writing, and adapt accordingly

• Select appropriate grammar and vocabulary to change or enhance meaning

• Develop setting, atmosphere and character, including through dialogue

• Write a summary of longer passages of writing

• Use a range of cohesive devices

• Use advanced organisational and presentational devices, such as bullet points

• Use the correct tense consistently throughout a piece of writing

• Ensure correct subject and verb agreement

• Perform compositions using appropriate intonation, volume and movement

• Use a thesaurus

• Use expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely

• Use modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility

• Use relative clauses

• Recognise vocabulary and structures that are appropriate for formal use

• Use passive verbs to affect the presentation of information

• Use the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause

• Recognise the difference in informal and formal language

• Use grammatical connections and adverbials for cohesion

• Use ellipses, commas, brackets and dashes in writing

• Use hyphens to avoid ambiguity

• Use semi-colons, colons and dashes between independent clauses

• Use a colon to introduce a list

• Punctuate bullet points consistently

## KEY STAGE 2 – MATHS

In May of Year 6, children will take an arithmetic test of thirty minutes, and two broader mathematics tests of forty minutes each. These will be sent away for marking, with the results coming back before the end of the year. Your child’s teacher will also make an assessment of whether or not your child has reached the expected standard by the end of the Key Stage.

By the end of Year 6, children are expected to be confident with the use of all four standard methods for written calculations, and to have secured their knowledge of the key number facts for the four operations. Their work will focus more on fractions, ratio, proportion and the introduction of algebra.

Playing traditional games, such as battleships or even draughts and chess, is great for exploring coordinates and movements across the coordinate grid.

Areas covered by this stage are:

### Number and Place Value

• Work with numbers to up ten million (10,000,000) including negative numbers

• Round any number to any required number of digits or magnitude Calculations

• Use the standard method of long multiplication for calculations of four-digit numbers by two-digit numbers

• Use the standard method of long division for calculations of four-digit numbers by two-digit numbers

• Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers

• Carry out complex calculations according to the mathematical order of operations

• Solve complex problems using all four operations

### Fractions and Decimals

• Use common factors to simplify fractions, or to add fractions with different denominators

• Place any group of fractions into size order

• Multiply pairs of fractions together

• Divide fractions by whole numbers, for example 1/3 ÷ 2 = 1 6

• Use division to calculate the decimal equivalent of a fraction

• Know and use common equivalences between fractions, decimals and percentages, such as ½ = 0.5 = 50% Ratio and Proportion

• Find percentages of quantities, such as 15% of £360

• Use ratio to explain relationships and solve problems

• Use simple scale factors for drawings, shapes or diagrams

### Algebra

• Use simple formulae

• Describe sequences of numbers where the increase between values is the same each time

• Solve missing number problems using algebra

• Find possible solutions to problems with two variables, such as a + b = 10 Measurements

• Convert between any metric units and smaller or larger units of the same measure

• Convert between miles and kilometres

• Use a given formula to find the area of a triangle or parallelogram Shape and Position

• Draw 2-d shapes using given sizes and angles

• Use knowledge of 2-d shapes to find missing angles in triangles, quadrilaterals and other regular shapes

• Name and label the radius, diameter and circumference of a circle

• Find missing angles in problems where lines meet at a point or on a straight line

• Use a standard grid of coordinates including negative values Graphs and Data

• Construct and understand pie charts and line graphs

• Calculate the mean average of a set of data

To book a free assessment call 020 8685 0673 or fill out our contact form